Voter ID Registration

In Indian elections, voting is mandatory for all individuals aged 18 and above. However, to vote, an individual must register with the Election Commission of India to prove that they are a citizen and acquire a Voter ID card. This card proves an individual’s citizenship over the age of 18 and is in the electoral roll containing the names of prospective voters.

As India is populous, with millions of voters, the voter ID card is essential in reducing fraud and enabling a fast election process. Getting the Voter ID card is a quick process that can be done through online registration.

The upcoming Indian general election is anticipated to take place in April and May 2024, to select the members of the 18th Lok Sabha.

The Election Commission of India provides online voter registration for Indian citizens during the specified dates: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July, and 1 October of the year for revising the electoral roll.

Register to Vote in India

In Indian democracy, voter registration ensures the meaningful participation of all eligible citizens during the electoral process. Registration allows individuals to exercise their fundamental right to choose their representatives and have a voice in the nation’s governance.

  • Registering to vote is critical for keeping the essence of democratic values such as equality, representation, and accountability.
  • It ensures a free and fair electoral process where each eligible citizen can cast their vote and be heard.
  • Voter registration helps in creating reliable electoral rolls, which are essential during elections. The Election Commission of India makes use of voter registration to effectively manage the electoral process, prevent violations, and protect democracy.
  • Overall, voter registration is crucial for India to uphold democracy’s core values by allowing its citizens to participate actively in the process and decide the context of their nation.

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Eligibility Criteria for Voter Registration

People meeting the following requirements qualify for registration as voters in India:

  • A citizen of India,
  • Having attained 18 years,
  • Has a permanent address in India/ or is a permanent resident in India.

The following categories of people do not qualify for registration as voters:

  • Citizens of India who are Non-Resident Indians and have another country’s citizenship
  • A person of unsound mind,
  • Violators of certain crimes,
  • Individuals sentenced to a term of imprisonment for an offense.

How to Register to Vote in India

Indian citizens over 18 years who are first-time voters can register to vote either online or offline.

Online Voter Registration

Here are the steps for voter registration online:

Step 1: Go to the official website of NVSP and click on “Sign-Up”.

Voter ID Online Registration

Step 2: Enter your mobile number, email ID, and Captcha code.

Signup for Online Voter Registration

Step 3: Enter your First Name, Last Name, Password, Confirm the Password, and Click on “Request OTP”.

Step 4: Enter the OTP sent to your registered mobile number and email ID and Click on “Verify”.

Step 5: Now, log in once again using your mobile number, password, and captcha. Then click on “Request OTP”.

Step 6: Enter the OTP and click on the “Verify & Login” button.

Step 7: Click on “Fill Form 6” under “New registration for general electors”.

Form 6 for Online Voter Registration

Step 8: Fill in Form 6 including personal details, Aadhaar, and contact details. Submit the required documents and click on “Preview and Submit”.

Fill Form 6 for Online Voter Registration

Step 9: Verify if the details entered are correct and click on “Submit”.

Offline Voter Registration

Follow the below steps to check your voter ID status online via the NVSP portal:

  1. Go to the Booth Level Officers (BLO) office or download Form 6 from the Voter Services Portal.
  2. Complete Form 6 correctly.
  3. Submit the form and necessary documents to the BLO.

After submitting Form 6, offline or online, the Booth Level Officer verifies the address against Election Commission criteria and authenticates the documents. If inconsistencies are found, the application will be rejected, requiring a new submission. When verification is successful, the applicant qualifies for a Voter ID, which is sent by post or email within 15 to 21 days.

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Documents Required for Voter Registration

To register for voting, you need to submit the following documents:

Address Proof:

  • Utility bills (Water, electricity, or gas bills not older than a year).
  • Current passbook from a nationalised, scheduled bank, or post office.
  • Registered rental or lease agreement (for tenants).
  • Registered sale deed (for landowners).
  • Aadhaar card.
  • Indian Passport.
  • Revenue department's land-owning records, like KisanBahi.

Proof of Date of Birth:

  • Certificates of class X or class XII from CBSE, ICSE, or State Education Boards with the date of birth.
  • Birth certificate from the competent local body, municipal authority, or Registrar of births and deaths.
  • Driving licence.
  • Aadhaar card.
  • PAN card.
  • Indian Passport.

Additional documents: Two recent passport-sized photographs.

Types of Forms for Voter Registration

There are different types of forms available according to the user’s situation and requirements. These Forms include:

  • Form 6: All individuals who are eligible to vote must complete Form 6. First-time voters and those wishing to change their voting constituency can also use Form 6.
  • Form 6A: Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) must complete Form 6A.
  • Form 7: If an individual needs to update any information in the electoral roll, they should fill out Form 7.
  • Form 8: This Form is to make changes to details such as name, photo, age, EPIC number, address, date of birth, name of relative, type of relation, or gender.

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How to Check the Status of Voter Registration

You can check the status of your voter registration online by following the steps:

  1. Go to the official Voter Services Portal.
  2. Press the ‘Login’ button.
  3. Input your mobile number, password, and captcha code, then click the ‘Request OTP’ button.
  4. Enter the OTP and click the ‘Verify and Login’ button.
  5. Select the ‘Track Application Status’ tab.
  6. Input the reference number, choose the state, and click the ‘Submit’ button.
  7. The voter registration status will appear on the screen.

Reference ID: This is a unique number provided for your voter registration application. After submission of the Form 6 application, you will get the acknowledgment slip which will contain the reference ID number. You can also confirm your voter registration status by meeting the ERO of your area. You need to share with them your name, date of birth, and address details. They will confirm your status and share voter registration details.

Common Errors to Avoid While Registering For Voter ID Online

When registering for a Voter ID online, it's important to avoid common mistakes to ensure a smooth process. These mistakes include:

  • The most common mistake is using the incorrect Form to register for a voter ID.
  • To avoid errors, all the supporting documents provided during the registration should be accurate.
  • The registration form that the user fills in should also be well-checked for any issues such as spelling mistakes.
  • A simple error in the form before being printed could appear on the Voter ID hence the need to be thorough.

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Frequently Asked Questions

You can register to vote for the 2024 Election by filling out a voter registration form (Form 6) on the NVSP website.

You can check your registration status online by logging in to the NVSP website.

To register to vote, you typically need to be a citizen of India, at least 18 years old, and have valid proof of identity and address.

You can register to vote offline by visiting the Booth Level Officers (BLO) office and filling the Form 6 and submitting it.

If you lose your Voter ID card, you can apply for a duplicate card by applying to the official website of NVSP.

Voter registration processing time can vary, but it generally takes 15 to 21 days to receive your Voter ID card in India.

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