Agriculture Loan Interest Rates

Agricultural loans are the lifeblood of Indian farming, providing crucial financial assistance to farmers. These loans, offered by banks and government institutions, can be secured or unsecured, empowering farmers to invest in various agricultural endeavors. However, interest rates on agricultural loans vary considerably, influenced by loan type, borrower profile, and government subsidies. Understanding these intricacies and comparing offerings from diverse lenders is crucial for farmers to secure optimal financing at manageable costs.

List of Banks & Co-operative Banks Offering Agricultural Loan

Following are some of the major Cooperative Banks Offering agricultural loans in India:

Top Lenders Interest Rate Major Agricultural Loans Offered
State Bank of India (SBI) 7.25% p.a. onwards
  • Crop Loan
  • Kisan Credit Card (KCC)
  • Drip Irrigation Loan
  • Combine Harvestor Loan
ICICI Bank 9.30% p.a. onwards
  • Farmer Finance / Agriculture Loan/ Krishi Loan
  • Long Term Agricultural Loan
Central Bank of India Up to 13.25% p.a.
  • Cent Kisan Tatkal Scheme
  • Cent Vermicompost Scheme
  • Cent Solar Water Heater Scheme
  • Kisan Credit Card
Union Bank 10.25% p.a. onwards
  • Crop Loan
  • Kisan Credit Card
  • Farm Mechanization Loan

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Processing Fee on Agricultural Loans

Along with interest rates, processing fees are another important cost factor to consider when taking out an agricultural loan. Processing fees are charges levied by lenders to cover the administrative costs associated with evaluating and processing your loan application.

Typical processing fee 0% to 4% of the loan amount

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Factors Affecting Agriculture Loan Interest Rates

The interest rates charged on agriculture loans are impacted by several key factors. These include government policy rates, market benchmarks, individual credit risk, the purpose of the loans, and repayment terms offered. Monitoring these influential factors provides insights into interest rate trends for vital agricultural financing needed by farmers and agribusinesses.

Here are some of the key factors that affect agriculture loan interest rates:

  • Government policy rates: Rates set by the central bank and government banks/programs like the RBI, NABARD, and regional rural banks impact agriculture lending rates. Changes in government policy rates are usually reflected in agriculture lending rates.
  • Market benchmark rates: Prime lending rates in the broader financial markets influence the interest rates lenders charge on loans to farmers. As market rates fluctuate, agriculture loan rates tend to move in the same direction.
  • Credit risk: The financial strength and repayment capacity of individual borrowers affect the interest rates that the lenders will offer. Higher-risk borrowers typically pay higher rates. Factors like farm income, collateral, and credit score all contribute to the risk profile.
  • Loan purpose: Interest rates can vary depending on what the loan will be utilized for. Capital investments, production costs, machinery, and real estate may have different associated rates.
  • Loan terms: Longer repayment periods, amortization timeline, and installment structure can impact rates offered. Short-term loans often have lower interest rates.

Tips To Get Agricultural Loan At Low-Interest Rate

Here are some tips to get an agricultural loan at a low-interest rate:

  • Improve your credit score: Lenders check credit scores to determine risk and set rates. Maintaining a score above 720 will qualify you for the best rates. Pay bills on time and correct errors on your credit report.
  • Lower your debt-to-income ratio: Keep outstanding debts low relative to your income. A ratio below 30-40% improves eligibility for competitive pricing.
  • Offer collateral: Providing assets as security for the agricultural loan can result in a lower interest rate. Land, equipment, livestock, etc. can be used as collateral.
  • Take a shorter loan tenure: Opt for a repayment period of 5-10 years instead of 15-30 years. Shorter terms are perceived as lower risk by lenders.
  • Make a larger down payment: Put down 20% or more of the loan amount needed. This lowers the Loan-to-Value ratio which makes lenders feel more secure.
  • Establish a banking history: Doing business with a lender over time allows them to understand your financial habits. This may translate to better rates.

Following these tips demonstrates you are a low risk for default. This makes lenders more likely to extend their most competitive interest rates.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Several factors influence rates, including loan type, borrower profile, lender type, macroeconomic conditions, and government subsidies.

Both exist. Fixed rates offer stability, while variable rates can fluctuate based on market conditions.

Yes, depending on your credit score, loan amount, and market competition. Always negotiate for the best deal.

It varies, but generally ranges from 7% to 15% p.a. in India, with government loans offering lower rates.

Maintain a good credit score, compare rates from multiple lenders, negotiate terms, and consider government subsidies.

Some lenders charge prepayment penalties, but check your loan agreement and inquire beforehand.

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